गीतायाः शब्दाभ्यासः

When I started to study गीता and संस्कृत together, I came across many words repeating. I was anxious to resolve the repetitions. I attempted compiling sort of a dictionary, at least of धातु-s, because in Sanskrit, most words emanate from धातु-s. I even started a separate blog for this study with the title गीतायाः धात्वभ्यासः At the same time, I was wondering whether similar study has already been done by somebody. At that point I came across गीताधातुरूपावलिः by Dr. विश्वास published by संस्कृतभारती, नवदेहली. When searching on the internet I also found Critical Word-Index to Bhagavadgita by Rao Bahadur P. C. Divanji. In the book, the शब्दाभ्यास is presented as a study in different levels.

  1. In Part 1 are indexed 3865 Primary word-units, which reveal after सन्धिविच्छेद-s.
  2. In Part 2 are indexed 1102 Secondary word-units, which are Primary in nature but are components of compound words noted in Part 1.
  3. In Part 3 are indexed 296 Tertiary word-units.
  4. In Part 4 are indexed 36 Quaternary word-units.
  5. In Part 5 there is Consolidated Index of 1443 Primary and Subsidiary word-units.

Words in all the parts are interrelated. For example

(1) At Sr. No. 181 in Part 5 इदम् is detailed with अनयोः अनेन अयम् अस्मात् अस्मिन् अस्य अस्याम् इदम् इमम् इमानि इमान् इमाम् इमा इमे इमौ इयम् All these are Primary Word-Units and hence can be found in their alphabetical order in Part 1. There one can also find which word is in which verse(s). For example –

(1-1) The word इदम् itself appears as such, totally 37 times, in verses 1-10, 1-21, 1-28, 2-1, 2-2, 2-10, 2-17, 3-31, 3-38, 7-2, 7-5, 7-7, 7-13, 8-22, 8-28, 9-1, 9-2, 9-4, 10-42, 11-19, 11-20 (twice), 11-41, 11-47, 11-49 (twice), 11-51, 11-52, 12-20, 13-1, 14-2, 15-20, 16-13 (twice), 18-46, 18-67, 18-68.

This Critical Word Index is more than a dictionary, because in Part 1, for all 3865 words, both their grammar and meanings are explained.

(2) At the beginning of each part, the author has explained the logic. Instead of quoting that verbatim, logic of what the author means by Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary word-units, may as well be understood by examples.

(2-1) In Part 5 at Sr. No. 87 is listed अर्थ – P, अर्थे S-98, अर्थे T-22

(2-1-1) In Part 1, अर्थ is Primary word-unit in 6 words at Sr. Nos. 371 अर्थकामान् (श्लोके 2-5), #372 अर्थव्यपाश्रयः (श्लोके 3-18), #373 अर्थसञ्चयान् (श्लोके 16-12), #374 अर्थः (श्लोकयोः 2-46, 3-18), #375 अर्थार्थी (श्लोके 7-16), #376 अर्थे (श्लोके 1-33)

(2-1-2) In Part 2 at Sr. No. 98, as many as 22 instances of occurrence of अर्थ as Secondary unit are sighted. These 22 instances include the 6 above in (2-1-1) and also 16 more i.e. अत्यर्थम्, अनुकम्पार्थम्, अवहासार्थम्, इन्द्रियार्थान्, इन्द्रियार्थेभ्यः, इन्द्रियार्थेषु, उत्सादनार्थम्, कामभोगार्थम्, तदर्थम्, दम्भार्थम्, धर्मकामार्थान्, प्रत्युपकारार्थम्, मदर्थम्, मदर्थे, यज्ञार्थात्, संज्ञार्थम्, सत्कारमानपूजार्थम्, सर्वार्थान्. Details of all these can be located in Part 1.

(2-1-3)  In Part 3 at Sr. No. 22 occurrence of अर्थ as Tertiary word-unit is sighted in the word तत्त्वज्ञानार्थदर्शनम् which is detailed at #1386 in Part 1.

(2-2) In Part 5 at Sr. No. 378 is listed गुण

(2-2-1) In Part 1, गुण is Primary word-unit in 6 words at #1173 गुणतः (श्लोके 18-29), #1183 गुणान् (श्लोकेषु 13-19, 13-21, 14-20, 14-21 (द्विवारम्) 14-25), #1185 गुणाः (श्लोकेषु 3-28, 14-5, 14-23), #1186 गुणेभ्यः (श्लोके 14-19 (द्विवारम्)), #1187 गुणेषु (श्लोके 3-28), #1188 गुणैः (श्लोकेषु 3-5, 3-27, 13-23, 14-23, 18-40, 18-41)

(2-2-2) In Part 2 at Sr. No. 326, as many as 13 instances of occurrence of गुण as Secondary unit are sighted. These are (1) गुणकर्मविभागयोः (2) गुणकर्मविभागशः (3) गुणकर्मसु (4) गुणप्रवृद्धाः (5) गुणभेदतः (6) गुणभोक्तृ (7) गुणसंख्याने (8) गुणसङ्गः (9) गुणसंमूढाः (10) गुणातीतः (11) गुणान्वितम् (12) निर्गुणम् (13) विगुणः. In all these words गुण is the important component word-unit. Details of all these words can of course be read in Part 1.

(2-2-3) In Part 3 at Sr. No. 100 occurrence of गुण as Tertiary word-unit is sighted in the words (1) सर्वेन्द्रियगुणाभासम् (Note गुणाभास) (2) त्रैगुण्यविषयाः and निस्त्रैगुण्यः (Note त्रैगुण्य in both these words) (3) रजोगुणसमुद्भवः (Note रजोगुण). Details of all these words can of course be read in Part 1.

(2-2-4) In Part 4 at Sr. No. 8 occurrence of गुण as Quaternary word-unit is sighted in जघन्यगुणवृत्तिस्थाः #1275 of Part 1 (श्लोके 14-18)

I am astounded by all this painstaking, meticulous and comprehensive study done by Rao Bahadur Divanji. This will greatly help me for both my blogs गीतान्वेषणम् and गीतायाः धात्वभ्यासः.  

शुभमस्तु !

-o-O-o-

 

Advertisements